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DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING MARITIME UNMANNED

[Category : - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING- OTHER- RENEWABLE ENERGY]
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DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING MARITIME UNMANNED

P201531275 OEPM Spain

SECTOR OF THE ART
This invention is in the technical industry oceanographic research, the Navy, and marine recreational vehicles amateur sector.

STATE OF THE ART
Unmanned underwater vehicles are capable of operating underwater without occupying at the controls, they are of two types, which are handled remotely by a human operator, and autonomous operating autonomously.
These unmanned submarines be examined from the oceans to the rivers, and can work anywhere, especially if it is dangerous or expensive to do so a diver.
Some are programmed to collect data in and out periodically to send the data via satellite.
Oceanographic research has benefited as they have developed various sensors that can perform analysis of compounds, properties of water and reflection of light, presence of sea life, currents and seabed features to perform mapping.
Other missions are already being developed include especially force protection and port security, providing hours of freelance weather conditions and a safe distance from terrorist armed boats that could attack a ship or installation.
Most unmanned underwater vehicle has a modular, multi-mission that can incorporate different sensors according to the construction task, take a position known GPS before diving and are able to navigate based on it, but others do not need it, using inertial systems and accelerometers to calculate the course. There are models capable of avoiding obstacles and performing routes following preset points.
Unmanned underwater vehicles are classified into four categories, depending on the weight, diameter of the hull and cargo volume. They are very small and portable: between 7.62 and 22.86 cm. in diameter, less than 45 kg. and less than 7 liters of capacity. Light, with a diameter about 32.385 cm, weighing about 226 kg and between 28.3 liters and 84.9 liters of capacity. Heavy have a diameter of 53.34 cm. about 1,360 kg and between 113.2 liters and 169.9 liters of cargo volume. Finally, they have a large excess of 91.44 cm diameter. and up to 9,071 kg, and between 424.7 liters and 849 liters of cargo.
Many armies have found new areas where the danger are attractive, establishing requirements for these missions, submarine warfare, the war on surface elements, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, support of naval special forces and port security, naval personnel mines in the war, but also exploit the discretion and secrecy of these vehicles.
These underwater vehicles use electric motors to move the moving propellers or thrusters increasingly employing modern rechargeable batteries or fuel cells, in the case of larger, increasing their autonomy, but also the complexity. They must offer great autonomy, as light as possible and compatible with saline and humid environment.
There are those who have a lithium-ion battery of 5,2kw / h. which gives a range of about 70 hours at depths up to 600 meters, some have a fuel cell capable of generating 60 kw / h, achieving a range of about 35 hours.
Most unmanned vehicles existing submarines are based on the shape of a torpedo, namely, a tubular section of varying diameter and length, primarily aluminum, diameter also varies, being some suitable employment from torpedo tubes vessel and submarines or facilitate logistics onboard measurement being 53 centimeters diameter of the most used in large designs.
One of the obvious problems with this type of vehicle is in the range of navigation, so any progress made in this regard is necessary.
The aim of this patent is to propose a technology that should give greater autonomy to the service batteries of these unmanned underwater vehicles, that could provide a capacity of greater autonomy and easy, practical and economical.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
A device for marine electrical charge unmanned this patent suggests, is the use of a photovoltaic solar cells (Fig.1-a) in which are arranged in the configuration according to voltage and current that is configured to be used for recharging the batteries of maritime vehicle.
These photovoltaic solar cells are packed tightly to prevent short circuits and are extended and retracted through a magazine to kind of roll into a cylinder, (Fig.1-b) occupying a place on the side of the helmet shell or sea vehicle unmanned, you may also be configured to use two of these systems cylinder chambers on either side of the sea vehicle, and thus balancing the weight and drag through the water environment.
Photovoltaic solar cells would be linked together to form a photovoltaic panel and as a horizontal fold so that they can perform the function of which is easily perform the mechanical extension and retraction roller of the photovoltaic panel. This photovoltaic panel would wind in a frame (Fig.1-b) with a cylinder on the side of the shell or hull of the maritime unmanned vehicle where it could even have two of these systems cylindrical frames located on either marine frame side unmanned vehicle. These photovoltaic panels dispondrían of buoys located at their outer ends (Fig.1-c) so as to exert a force of buoyancy and thus achieve the ascent to the surface of the aquatic environment.
The frame (Fig.1-b) be constructed of aluminum for strength in the saline and humid environment, it would have an electrically actuated by an electric motor, for the extension and retraction of the photovoltaic panels roller attached to a fluting anchors the winch cable to the roller actuator motor within the frame, enlisting the solar panels inside the frame, and being packed in a circular fashion around the cylinder of the container frame.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
In (Fig.1-a) is the use of a photovoltaic solar cell in which they are arranged in settings according to the voltage and current that is configured to be used for battery charging maritime unmanned vehicle.
In (Fig.1-b) the kind of compartment cylindrical roller is observed, occupying a place on the side of the frame or marine hull unmanned vehicle.
In (Fig.1-c) photovoltaic panels on who would have buoys located at their outer ends, so exert a force of buoyancy and thus achieve the ascent to the surface of the aquatic environment is observed.
In (Fig. 1d) an electric motor seen in the cylinder to perform the action of extension and folding of the photovoltaic panels.

A FORM OF FABRIC ACION
One way to build this device electrical charge to maritime unmanned vehicles, consisting of a cylinder of aluminum material or some other material that is suitable for strength in the saline and humid environment (Fig.1-b) which installed inside an electric motor (Fig. 1-d) to perform the action and fold extension of photovoltaic panels (Fig.1-a) in which these panels would be anchored to the electric motor using a metal cable .
This electrical charging system for unmanned marine vehicles consist of a photovoltaic solar cells that would be linked together to form a photovoltaic panel and sealed so as to allow the horizontal fold (Fig.1-a). These photovoltaic solar cells are packed tightly to prevent short circuits, and which are extended and retracted by an electric motor (Fig. 1-d) to perform the action extension and fold, and dispondrían of buoys located at their outer ends, (Fig.1-c) so as to exert a force of buoyancy in the aquatic environment.
This whole system is the device electrical charge to maritime unmanned vehicles.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION
It belongs to the industrial application of the industrial sector of oceanographic research, the Navy, and marine recreational vehicles for amateurs.

CLAIMS

1ª- A device electrical charge to maritime unmanned vehicles, consisting of at least one compartment to kind of roll into a cylinder, (Fig.1-b) occupying a place on the side of the frame or helmet maritime unmanned vehicle , characterized by having photovoltaic solar cells that would be linked together to form a photovoltaic panel.
2nd- A device electrical charge to maritime unmanned vehicles according to claim 1, characterized in that it would be constructed resistant aluminum salt and humid environment.
3ª- A device for marine electrical charge not manned vehicles according to claim 1, characterized in that inside the cylindrical compartment has an electric motor to perform the action and fold extension of photovoltaic panels. (Fig. 1d).
4ª- A device for marine electrical charge unmanned vehicles, characterized by having photovoltaic solar cells that would be linked together to form a photovoltaic panel (Fig.1-a) and as a horizontal fold so that they can perform the function of that easily perform the mechanical extension and retraction roller of the photovoltaic panel inside the cylindrical chamber.
5ª- A device electrical charge to maritime unmanned vehicles, according to claim 4, characterized by having these photovoltaic panels buoys located at their outer ends, (Figure 1-c) so as to exert a force of buoyancy and thus achieve the ascent to the surface of the aquatic environment.

SUMMARY

A device for marine electrical charge unmanned vehicles consisting of a cylinder of aluminum material, which installs therein an electric motor (Fig.1-d) to perform the action of extension and fold of photovoltaic panels (Fig. 1-a) in which these panels would be anchored to the electric motor using a metal cable.
This system would provide for a photovoltaic solar cells forming a hermetically sealed and packaged to prevent short circuits, and as photovoltaic panels that allow the horizontal fold (Fig.1-a) and which are extended and retracted by an electric motor (Fig. 1 d) to perform the action and fold extension and dispondrían of buoys located at their outer ends (Fig.1-c) so as to exert a force of buoyancy in the aquatic environment.



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